St NICHOLASAlso known as NICHOLAS-OF-MYRA
Patron Saint of many things including Children, Merchants, Brewers, Pawnbrokers, Perfumers and possibly even Christmas Gifts
Archbishop from Russia and also Father Christmas.
Forensic reports have given us more than the bare bones of his appearance. Nick was thickset and short with a bulldog jaw and a broken nose. Not quite the jolly 'Ho Ho Ho' appearance of his festive namesake.
He was pugnacious enough to have once been imprisoned for slapping another bishop around. The good news is that beneath this rugged exterior he really did have a heart of gold.
The much-romanticized legend is that he secretly provided dowries to keep three sisters from a life of prostitution because their father was destitute. Our Saint hit upon the scheme of anonymous gifts in the form of bags of gold which he could lob through a bedroom window on three consecutive nights.
If you like the realms of fantasy and fable, these were said to have landed in the girls' stockings, which were hanging up to dry over the fireplace. You can see where this is leading can't you?
That is why you mustn't peep on Christmas Eve. It is said that the father peeped on the third night and blew the whistle on our hero. From that day on he grew in popularity.
Any miracle of any sort in the area was attributed to Nick. He restored a girl burnt to ashes back to life, stayed an executioner's sword at the last second to save innocent victims, and best of all, biffed another bishop.
He was so venerated that after his death he became part of the Holy Relic trade. His bones were found to give off an oily goo. This was very marketable and could cure anything — and by lucky chance was sweet-scented enough to be used as a perfume.
The little Orthodox Church in Myra boosted the pilgrim tourist trade and was still reaping profits in 1087. But this caused concern to unscrupulous traders from elsewhere.
A gang of sixty-three mafia type commandos sneaked into Myra harbor, smashed their way into the shrine and stole the sacred bones. They took them off to Bari in Italy — where they still reside. Who said crime doesn't pay?
During 1950, renovations to the crypt in the Basilica di San Nicola in Bari, Nick's bones had to be moved. The Vatican took the opportunity to call in a professor to X-ray and measure the bones. St Nick, it turned out, was five foot six inches in height.
The bones rested in peace until in the mid-1990s, when with new technology and pinhole cameras, a forensic scientist named Francesco Introna was given the opportunity for an up-to-date check. That's how we know about the broken nose. It was also found that some small fragments were missing — finger bones etc which had no doubt been sold off to other venues.
Sadly the tomb is below sea level and the bones are slowly deteriorating. But the 'manna' oil is still collected once a year (don't ask us how) — and diluted with seawater before sale to pilgrims. Yes, the trade still continues!
But what about Santa Claus, the red suit, the flying reindeer and the chimneys? This is all to do with Lapland and is sustained by another substance altogether — not oil, but hallucinatory fungi. How the connection came about is another of life's mysteries. Remind us to tell you about it sometime.
Strangely enough, our Saint was often depicted with three golden balls to symbolize his three bags of gold. Pawnbrokers were quick to latch on, using this as a symbol to publicize their unholy trade. They perhaps hoped to claim saintly patronage. If so, it worked.
Authors: Peter J Allen and Chas Saunders
References: Coming soon.
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Godchecker's article on St Nicholas is based on material from ancient texts, original references and our own research. We strive for accuracy and update regularly with new information. If you spot a mistake please contact us and we'll try to fix it.
Location : Worldwide Christianity
Gender : Male
Type : Saint or Sage
Celebration or Feast Day : Unknown at present
Birth and Death Dates : 270-342
Pronunciation : Coming soon
Alternative names : NICHOLAS-OF-MYRA
Popularity index : 87
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