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Also known as FUXI, FU-HSI, FU-XI-SHI

A picture showing the legend of FU-XI taken from our Chinese mythology archives. Illustration by Chas Saunders. Read the story below or search the index for more Chinese Gods, Chinese Goddesses, heroes, demons and monsters!

Very civilized God of Creativity, Arts and Crafts

The first of the legendary SAN-HUANG, the snaky God Kings who ruled China five thousand years ago, FU-XI is an all-round goodie. He lent a vital hand in the invention of fishing, farming and domesticating animals, and invented writing, music and do-it-yourself.

FU-XI is very strong on home improvements, and also spiritual improvements. He's often seen with a carpenter's square — which symbolizes both as he created the Eight Trigrams for Divination.

Talking of numbers, he also invented the mathematical Magic Square after noticing cosmic numbers on the shell of the Celestial Tortoise:

4 9 2
3 5 7
8 1 6

Each line adds up to 15, however you try it. Clever, eh?

This splendid sage lived for 197 years, a number of presumably tremendous significance. Now he is in Heaven where he looks after Cosmic Harmony and Contemplation, which makes him very popular in DAOist circles. And also squares, rhombuses and four-sided ovals. He also devised the original hundred Chinese surnames. These are always written before given names, as family is so important in China.

FU-XI's wife is NU-GUA, who invented humans to give him something to do.

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Article last updated on 30 April 2013
Authors: Peter J Allen and Chas Saunders
References: Coming soon.

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Godchecker's article on Fu-xi is based on material from ancient texts, original references and our own research. We strive for accuracy and update regularly with new information. If you spot a mistake please contact us and we'll try to fix it.

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Name : FU-XI
Location : China
Gender : Male
Type : Deity
Celebration or Feast Day : Unknown at present
Pronunciation : Foo Shee
Alternative names : FUXI, FU-HSI, FU-XI-SHI
Popularity index : 1151

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