The most popular Maya gods
- 1st: Can Tzicnal
- 2nd: Ah Puch
- 3rd: Kinich Ahau
- 4th: Chac
- 5th: Xaman Ek
- 6th: Ixchel
- 7th: Votan
- 8th: Yum Kaax
- 9th: Cabrakan
- 10th: Huracan
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South of the border down Mexico way, reaching down as far as Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. This amazing hub of civilization was a melting pot of cultures including the Olmec, Zapotec, Toltec and Mixtec peoples. For convenience we have included many of their deities in this section, but they were all separate entities who traded, fought and influenced each other down the centuries.
The famous city of Teotihuacan was the size of Rome and is full of mysteries. It seems to have suffered fire at some point, but parts of it were in use up to Aztec times. With its pyramid of the sun built over a chambered cave, this may even have been Pacariqtambo, ‘The Place Of Emergence’, where the Inca Gods hid during a terrible disaster.
The Maya could well have achieved Roman Empire status if it hadn’t been for their aversion to getting their feathered costumes ruined by salt water. Plus all that messing about with sails and rigging just to end up somewhere with lousy cold weather.
From 250 to 900 AD life was all plain sailing without putting out to sea. They didn’t have horses so they didn’t need carts. Instead they had a river and canal system for shifting heavy goods. And shift they did, especially when it came to moving blocks for their stepped buildings of clean-cut grandeur. Some of their cities have never been bettered, and after so many years of neglect much is still standing in Copan, Chichen-Itza, Kabah, Palenque, Uxmal, Tikal and Mayapan.
Maya culture was amazing and their skills manifold. Especially in the artistic department. They invented a very colorful style of picture-writing with glyphs, and made codex books the size of screens. Unfortunately their books were unspeakably fragile and only four precious volumes have survived the ravages of time for us to consult. (No wonder the Maya are so enigmatic – imagine if mankind was wiped out and all a visiting alien had to go on was a couple of Harry Potter books, half a telephone directory and a Superman comic.)
Together with their statues and carvings, it is impossible not to marvel at the talent of the Maya. Okay, so they liked a bit of blood sacrifice on an organized scale. But is that worse than organized crime or terrorists?
Their holy book was called the Popol Vuh. This is nothing to do with the views of the Pope. When the inquisitorial Spaniards arrived in 1511 to inflict treachery, unremitting torture and suffering, they were 611 years too late. The Maya Empire had already dissipated and it was the poor old Aztecs who got the full brunt of the aggravation.
Thankfully we can report that the Maya are not utterly extinct, as descendants of the classical Maya civilization are still to be found in isolated pockets, practicing modernized versions of the old beliefs.
REGIONS COVERED: Ancient Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and all parts in between.
Many Gods are spread across different regions, cultures and tribes. We’ve tried to pin them down to a particular area if possible. But corrections are always welcome, especially from people with first-hand knowledge. So if you know the region and would like to comment, we’d love to hear from you. Contact us here.
TRIBES, CULTURES AND PEOPLES COVERED: The people of the Maya.