The Classical Gods of the Roman Empire...


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Picture of the Roman Ruler God JUPITER from our Roman mythology image library. Illustration by Chas Saunders.

Roman Ruler God

Also known as Iuppiter, Iupiter, Iovis, Jove, Optimus Maximus, Djous Pater, Dies Pater

Supremo Ruler of Heaven & Earth and the Father of the Gods

Like most of the really big Roman Gods, JUPITER started out as a primeval nature deity. A Sky God, he was in charge of the fundamental forces of nature and ruled the weather with an iron grip and a big stick.

When Greek culture began to influence Roman thought, JUPITER took on the attributes of ZEUS — with added Latin. With his forceful personality, he became King of the Gods and the special protector of Rome.

The Romans were always keen to get the Gods on their side and JUPITER was definitely a force to be reckoned with — especially with his thunderbolt-hurling propensities. They awarded him many flattering titles and put him in charge of their entire legal and political system.

Worshipped as Optimus Maximus, the all-powerful good guy, JUPITER kept order and brought prosperity to the nation. As Jupiter Victor he led the Roman army to victory in wars and conquests time and time again. In fact he was probably the Roman Empire’s greatest asset after plumbing.

Of course it all went terribly wrong in the end and the Empire fell. Perhaps JUPITER was offended by the deification of human emperors, particularly the later ones who were a bit rubbishy. Or maybe the new-fangled Christianity craze was the final insult. Either way, JUPITER withdrew his support and sloped off, leaving the Romans to fend for themselves.

Where is he now? Enjoying a well-earned grouchy retirement? Still hurling thunderbolts? Communing with the eagles? All sightings gratefully received. You can’t miss him, he has a Godly beard, holds a thunderbolt and is stark naked.


Pronunciation : Coming soon
Alternative names : Iuppiter, Iupiter, Iovis, Jove, Optimus Maximus, Djous Pater, Dies Pater
Location : Italy and Roman Europe
Gender : Male
Type : deity

In charge of : Ruling
God of : Ruling

Celebration or Feast Day : Unknown at present
Good/Evil Rating : Unknown at present
Popularity index : 72963

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Article last updated on 12 January 2014 by the Godchecker Team.
Editors: Peter J Allen, Chas Saunders

References: Coming soon.

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