Ancient Egyptian Mythology

The Gods of Ancient Egypt...

AMUN

Egyptian Supreme God

Also known as AMEN, AMON, AMMON

Picture of the Egyptian Supreme God Amun from our Egyptian mythology image library. Illustration by Chas Saunders.

Ogdoad deity who hit the big time as Sun God of Everything

One of the Ogdoad. He started out as the God of Wind and Air alongside his wife Amaunet. But his remarkable staying power led to him becoming the great Sun God in charge of everything. He really should be the God of self-publicity, opportunism and always having the last word.

Long ago and far away, Amun went in for mystery and abstract ideas. But he always kept an eye on progress and was willing to go with current trends and fashions: a hawk’s head when they were all the rage, colorful fashion accessories and a beard if they were in vogue.

He could be a trendsetter with his red, green and blue plumed headgear, bracelets and necklets. In his dressing room were heads and tails for all occasions — frog, serpent, ape, lion, ram and even a goose, beetle wings and claws. You name it, he would get it.

He kept a low profile during the hassle of the years when Aten became a dictatorship, but the moment monotheism was over he leapt back. As with any counter-revolution, a strong leader is needed, so he stepped in to become the great Sun God of Thebes and his word was law.

With his increased importance, it wasn’t much of a stretch for Amun to form an alliance with fellow Sun God Ra. The two deities joined forces and became Amun-Ra. (And note who has top billing there).

Amun’s publicity drive also extended to Greece, where he was worshiped under the name Ammon and had his very own oracle. A temple was also found in Libya in an area where Ammonia salts were discovered. He also has fossils named after him. You know those things called Ammonites? All sort of curly? Resembling ram horns? Well, that’s where the name came from. The Holy Snail thought we should pop that in.

As an Egyptian God of almost unique holiness and majesty, he’s in a league of his own and has interesting parallels with the utterly holy Yahweh of the Hebrews.

The wandering Israelites must have picked up a lot of cultural tidbits from the Egyptians — and may even have borrowed the idea of monotheism from the short-lived Aten. But Amun, whose name means ‘what is hidden’, is name-checked on almost every page of the Bible. Whenever ‘Amen’ crops up at the end of a prayer, he is taking the credit.

Amun Facts and Figures

Name: Amun
Pronunciation: Coming soon
Alternative names: AMEN, AMON, AMMON

Gender: Male
Type: God
Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present

In charge of: Everything
Area of expertise: Supreme, Everything

Good/Evil Rating: Unknown at present
Popularity index: 1845

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Article last revised on May 13, 2019 by Rowan Allen.
Editors: Peter J. Allen, Chas Saunders

References: Coming soon.

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