Chinese Mythology

The Folk Gods and Spirits of the Middle Kingdom


Chinese Hero God

Also known as Hsüan-Tsang, Tang San-Tsang, Tang Sanzang, Xuanzang

Unlikely monk hero who journeyed to the West

He is a famous character based on Tang Sanzang, the legendary Tang Dynasty Buddhist monk who traveled to India to fetch scriptures in the company of Monkey, Pigsy and Sandy.

Although Buddhism had achieved a foothold in China, knowledge of its more profound mysteries was scarce. The minor (Little Vehicle) Scriptures were constantly consulted, but these were pretty tame and hardly anything to get excited about. Only the Big Vehicle Scriptures could truly save the damned.

Buddha was well aware of this little problem, and asked Guanyin to help. “I have three full baskets of Scripture on Earth, waiting at the Temple of the Thunderclap for someone to collect them,” he said. “Could you find a pilgrim to travel the hundred thousand leagues from China to India and back?”

“Of course,” he mused thoughtfully, “I could just transport them there myself in an instant, but the Chinese people just wouldn’t appreciate it.”

So Guanyin traveled down to Earth, looking for a humble and pious Chinese monk. Preferably one with stout legs. And a young priest named Tang Sanzang seemed to fit the bill perfectly, so with a modest display of holy fireworks, Guanyin persuaded the Emperor to send him on the quest.

In honor of his mission, Tang Sanzang adopted the name Tripitaka (which means ‘Three Baskets’ in Sanskrit). And off he went on the dangerous and incredibly long journey to India, taking only a horse, a change of underwear and a golden begging bowl.

Now Tripitaka, being young and foolish, was probably the least likely hero imaginable. When faced with danger he was liable to fiddle with joss sticks and burst into tears. Luckily Guanyin had provided backup in the form of Monkey, Pigsy and Sandy. They were not a well-knit team, and argued constantly, but in the course of time Tripitaka’s disciples became used to his silly human ways and fought tooth and nail to protect him.

The four travelers (plus horse) negotiated their way through eighty-one disasters and many exciting adventures before arriving, many years later, at the Temple of the Thunderclap. Achieving enlightenment, Tripitaka passed into Buddhist Heaven with much ceremonial hoo-hah and prepared to fulfill his mission. So he was somewhat disconcerted when Ananda tried to fob him off with blank scrolls.

Buddha was somewhat peeved. “Such knowledge is infinitely precious, and not to be given away lightly. Everything has its price, even in Heaven,” he said. “Give them your golden begging bowl as payment and we’ll call it a deal. Although,” he added, “to be perfectly honest, those blank scrolls are actually far more illuminating than the real ones.”

Convincing Buddha that the Chinese people would much prefer scriptures with writing on, Tripitaka handed over his bowl, collected five thousand and forty-eight precious scrolls and headed back to China, taking the illuminated Buddhist Express which got him there in double-quick time.

And so at last his mission was fulfilled. He now takes his place in Buddhist Heaven and is known as the ‘Buddha of Precocious Merit’.

Tripitaka Facts and Figures

Name: Tripitaka
Pronunciation: Trip-ee-tar-kar (Indian) or Shoo-arn Dzarng (Chinese)
Alternative names: Hsüan-Tsang, Tang San-Tsang, Tang Sanzang, Xuanzang

Gender: Male
Type: God
Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present

In charge of: Heroics
Area of expertise: Hero

Good/Evil Rating: NEUTRAL, may not care
Popularity index: 9495

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Article last revised on April 22, 2019 by the Godchecker data dwarves.
Editors: Peter J. Allen, Chas Saunders

References: Coming soon.

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